Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of supporting structures of teeth, including the gums, alveolar bone, and periodontal membranes. You should seek services of Periodontics in Midlothian VA, if you are suffering from a periodontal disease. Periodontal diseases are classified into two categories: periodontitis and gingivitis. If left untreated, the infection can spread to the bone and cause destruction to the tissues. In such a case, the teeth will have to be removed.
What happens during the initial visit to a periodontics clinic?
During the initial visit, the periodontist will review your complete medical and dental histories. It is essential for the periodontist to know if you are taking any medications or if you are being treated for any condition that can affect your periodontal care, such as pregnancy, diabetes, or heart disease.
How are periodontal diseases diagnosed?
The periodontist assesses how the teeth fit when biting, examines the gums to see if there is any gum recession, and checks if there are any loose teeth. X-rays may also be taken to determine if the bone below the gum is infected.
What are some treatment options for periodontal diseases?
Treatment options for periodontal diseases include regenerative and surgical procedures. Periodontal surgery is only used if it is believed regenerative procedures will not work. The aim of the treatment is to remove the bacteria causing the infection.
Root planning and scaling may also be performed to treat the disease. Root planning is done to make the surfaces of the teeth softer so plaque cannot build up. Scaling is performed to get rid of tartar and plaque from the teeth.
Proper oral hygiene is important after undergoing the treatment. It is also important you visit a dentist once every three months for reevaluation. Professional teeth cleanings are also needed to prevent the bacteria from forming in the tissues. Note that treatment procedures for periodontal diseases are more successful if the infection is detected in initial stages. It is for this reason it is important to visit a dentist regularly.
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