The Industrial Dust Collection System: Four Basic Types

by | Aug 19, 2019 | Metal Fabrication

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In those industries using metalwork, a dust collection system is not optional. It is a necessity. Where grinding, welding, sanding, and high-speed machining occur, dust collection systems address health and safety concerns. In fabrication and metalworking shops across Cleveland, companies must install the most effective system possible.

Types of Dust Collection Systems

Dust collection systems come in several types. The most common ones are:

  1. Bag Houses/Fabric Filters or Dust Collectors: This versatile type of dust collector employs multiple fabric filter bags (tubes) to catch and hold dust and other types of particulates. They come in many diverse sizes and types, are very efficient and affordable but require consistent maintenance if they are to retain their capabilities. While they can be customized to handle almost any application – including some very challenging ones, this type functions best in dry and not wet environments and can only handle certain
  2. Cartridge Dust Collectors: These types of dust filters excel where metalwork occurs.
  3. Cyclone Collectors: These low maintenance, inexpensive, rugged devices are common for the capture of large and medium dust particles. As a result, they are excellent pre-cleaners or first stage cleaners in both large and small workshop environments. 
  4. Electro Static Precipitator (ESP): Although highly efficient, this is a more expensive type of dust collector. It also requires higher levels of maintenance than do either bag or cyclone types. However, for some industries, this type of dust collector system is worth the cost since it can reach efficiency levels of over 99%.

The Importance of a Dust Collection System

Almost every existing industrial facility in Cleveland requires a form of dust collection. In selecting a dust collection system for any industry, the focus must be on worker safety as well as efficiency, reliability, and effectiveness. Failure to take into consideration all these factors can result in high energy costs, system downtimes, workplace safety issues, and fines, and lower or even totally lost production.

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